Corrosion has both direct and indirect impact economically and socially. From the research on corrosion cost survey in Thailand, which was the first survey conducted systematically in Thailand, it is estimated that total corrosion cost is 466,600 million Baht or 4.8% GDP. More information are published in the following book (in Thai language):
Corrosion Cost Survey in Thailand 2009 – 2011, 1st ed. By Wanida Pongsaksawad, Ekkarut Viyanit, Amnuaysak Chianpairot, and Namurata Palsson. (2016) Bangkok: Sigma Graphic.